Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Global Inequity and Intimacy in Urban Spaces - Literature Essay Samples

Stephen Frears’ Dirty Pretty Things features multiple urban spaces that have been altered by globalizing forces to engender a more invasive/invaded form of intimacy in the immigrant communities of London. This is best exemplified in the film when two immediately recognizable urban structures – a taxi depot and an apartment, linked visually by a focus on their verticality – are transformed by surreal acts of privacy invasion, revealing in the process the non-normative uses that immigrants have for these spaces. Michel Foucault’s â€Å"Of Other Spaces: Utopias and Heterotopias† gives us the vocabulary to describe these transformed and imagined spaces. He defines â€Å"heterotopias† as â€Å"places [that] are absolutely different from all the sites that they reflect and speak about† (4). They are physically and culturally defined environments that reflect and influence the uses different groups of people have for them. In the environments of Dirty Pretty Things’ London, heterotopias appear wherever marginalized people repurpose urban spaces away from the functions of normative society that such sites metonymize, and into the sort of habitat necessary for their survival. Like most films in the crime/thriller genre, Dirty Pretty Things takes place in a series of urban locations that have recognizable uses for law-abiding citizens, but are recast as heterotopias by their employment in illicit transactions. One prominent genre marker that appears in Frears’ film is the use of an underground parking garage as a site for black market trade. In the history of crime fiction and film noir, the carpark appears often as a locale for criminal rendezvous, presumably because it presents a vision of anonymity, obscurity, and ‘in-betweenness’ (no incriminating evidence gets left in a place reserved for people and vehicles to move through without stopping) necessary for illegal action. In other words, the crime film’s imaginary vision of a carpark has the hallmarks of a heterotopia of deviation. The black marketeers use the hidden, impermanent space of a carpark as a place that allows in â€Å"individuals whose behavior is deviant in rela tion to the required mean or norm† to execute their criminal action (Foucault 5). Similarly, the privacy and liminality of a hotel room makes it the perfect site for an extra-legal sexual transaction, so brothel-hotels in Dirty Pretty Things and other crime films constitute another section of ‘profane space’ in the landscape of the urban criminal element. This filmic construction of a heterotopic ‘underworld’ in physical proximity to, but socially inaccessible by law-abiding citizens sets the tone for Dirty Pretty Things as a film that focuses on non-citizens moving through heterotopias created by their non- or quasi-legal status. Furthermore, since the generic elements of the film explicitly feature the abnormal movement and possession of human bodies (kidneys for transplant in the carpark and women’s bodies for sex in the hotel), the atmosphere of the film supports readings of altered intimacy in other heterotopic movements. Even in the least original heterotopic environments of Dirty Pretty Things, the audience is shown invasive redefinitions of bodily integrity forced by the circumstances of poverty and illegality. So, the audience is primed to notice how other forces of global inequity could change the ways an immigrant body is allowed to exist in urban space, and what heterotopias might exist to allow or enforce those changes. The opening scene of the film features the first of these novel heterotopias in the form of the taxi depot’s back room. After a day of driving, Okwe arrives to exchange his cab with the next scheduled driver. The camera pans down to the depot from the overpass, highlighting the seedy, ‘underworld’-like nature of the dark, ensconced architecture. His boss beckons him to a back room and, without asking for his consent, drops his trousers to have Okwe inspect his gonnorrheic penis. Okwe appears visibly confused and uncomfortable at this sudden reveal. It is onl y in this moment of invaded personal space and forced intimacy that the audience learns that Okwe is a doctor and that Okwe learns he is expected to use this back room as his practice. The use of this space as such is confirmed two more times in the course of the film, when more drivers come in for treatment of the same infection, and when Okwe treats a kidney harvesting victim in a similarly-lit apartment back room. The second of these heterotopias is Senay’s apartment. It is a naturally-lit, elevated structure which Senay and Okwe alternately use as a refuge from their days and nights spent drudging in the underworld of their illegal employment. Their meals and conversations there establish their respective backstories and mutual friendship. Much is made of how Okwe’s residency there must be kept secret, because Senay doesn’t want to be seen as living with a man and because her refugee status doesn’t allow her to rent out the place. It is thus defined as an intimate space for a single immigrant body. This intimacy is violated when, in one scene near the beginning of the film, Immigration Enforcement officials raid the apartment while both Okwe and Senay are there, and the domestic elements of the space are rapidly converted into camouflage for Okwe’s illegal person. His clothes are quickly hidden in the oven, his belongings above the doorway, and his body in the bathroom. The sudden shift from naturalistic dialogue to melodramatic action is as incongruous as Okwe’s bizarre conscription into medical service. The appearance of and harassment by pushy, sarcastic agents, men who fit a ‘henchman’ archetype, resembles an invasion of the immigrants’ personal lives by the ge neric elements of their criminal station. These spaces can be said to each gain a second urban function in the context of a community of people not recognized as proper citizens of London. The taxi depot becomes a back-alley clinic, and the apartment doubles as a safehouse. Both of these heterotopic functions of urban space are made necessary by the economic constraints of living illegally or quasi-legally in the UK. Without access to state healthcare, the other immigrant drivers invade Okwe’s place of business with their troubles. Their willingness to disrobe in front of him disrupts the normative definition of a non-medical workplace, replacing the usual space of a taxi depot with the heterotopic model of one where bodies rejected by the medical establishment can be observed and healed. But this is done at the expense of Okwe’s own desire to not be confronted with these bodies, and his reluctance to illegally obtain medicine, given his own legal troubles. The underworld’s medical heterotopia is one in which global inequity forces a community to survive at the expense of the usual intimate boundaries of doctor and patient, medicine and business. Senay’s home invasion occurs in response to her need to work and Okwe’s need to live someplace for free, because as a person â€Å"without any kind of papers at all,† according to one of the Immigration Enforcers , he’s driven to â€Å"prey† on someone who can host him. The legal imperative to hide evidence of living and working changes the apartment into another heterotopia of deviance, less shady than the back room clinic, but no less necessary for these people whose affliction of global inequity keep them from maintaining a ‘normal’ living arrangement. It is interesting to note that there exists a gendered difference in the way these characters experience the heterotopias of illegal immigration. Okwe’s workplace is invaded by the intimate needs of his community, whereas Senay’s intimate living space is invaded by the ramifications of her work and by her helping a member of her community.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Distinguishing Between A Learning Disability And Language...

Distinguishing Between a Learning Disability and Language Acquisition in English Language Learners One of the biggest errors made in schooling today is placing a student who is an English Language Learner into special education because of errors made in interpreting language acquisition as a learning or language disability. There has been no single method that has proven to be fully effective when distinguishing between English language learning students and students with a learning disability. As a result, students can end up in classrooms or programs that are not suited for their needs and can hinder their educational achievement. It is important for teachers and schools to understand the process of acquiring a second language and to be able to recognize whether the student is really receiving an adequate opportunity to learn. In a research study done by the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, schools, districts and states were studied to look for a structured process that could be most effective in discovering whether an English Language Learner might have a learning disability or just difficulty acquiring the language. Two factors were identified that lead to inconsistent identification of students who may have a learning disability. Those factors are lack of understanding among teachers about why English language learning students are not progressing and meeting academic benchmarks and the referral process into special education.Show MoreRelatedEssay about Placing English Language Learners in Special Education1182 Words   |  5 PagesWhen do English language learners need to be placed in special education? In the United States, there has been an increase in in the number of children from Spanish speaking backgrounds. The English Language Learners, commonly known as ELL’s, are being placed in Special Education without being properly tested for a learning disability. However there are a large number of ELL’s with learning disabilities in elementary grades that truly have a learning disability and are over looked. Many schoolRead MoreDyslexi Learning Disabilities ( Spld )1587 Words   |  7 Pagesdefined as specific reading disability, is one of the Specific Learning Disabilities (SpLD). The term ‘dyslexia’ was coined by Rudolf Berlin of Stuttgart, Germany, in 1887 (Wagner 1973). The term dyslexia comes from the Greek dys – ‘impaired’ – and lexis – ‘word’ which refers to impairment in the ability to read and spell that is not due to low intelligence or lack of educational opportunity (Brunswick 2009). Dyslexia was the first general term used to describe various learning problems such as AttentionRead MoreEssay on Understanding Persons with Intellectual Disabilities1518 Words   |  7 Pages It is important to understand the terms that are associated with intellectual disabilities. The first term is disability. Disability is an individual performing which includes physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual mental illness impairments, and various types of chronic diseases. The next term involves intelligence. This term is the ability to think logically, reason out problems, prepare, understand difficult ideas, examine intellectually, and the ability to determine quickly and or acquireRead MoreCognitvie Development1150 Words   |  5 PagesTheory on Learning †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. How Cognitive learning can differ through cultures†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. Cognitive Teaching Identifying children who may have a learning disability†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ What parents and teacher can do to promote cognitive learning†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ References Introduction In this paper you will read about what is cognitive learning and how does a child learn to think and develop through their early years. What are Jean Piaget’s stages of cognitive learning? How cognitiveRead MoreLearning Concepts and Research Approaches1337 Words   |  6 Pagesconcept of learning, distinguishing between learning and performance, and a comparison/contrast of the conceptual approaches to the study of learning. Whereas learning affects behavior, understanding how people learn and adapt can enable productive learning and may facilitate enhanced lifespan development. Concept of Learning Learning involves gathering information through sensory processing of stimuli and the behavioral changes the acquisition of that knowledge produces. Knowledge acquisition altersRead More Eradicating the Deaf-World Essays1469 Words   |  6 Pagesschool, they have no choice but to socialize with other Deaf children. Since they all pretty much use the same language, socialization is not a problem for them. Because these children grow up with others who use their language, they tend to remain close to their friends and often intermarry. Many people, including A. G. Bell, were opposed to Deaf marrying other Deaf. Bell said that sign language causes the intermarriage of deaf-mutes and the propagation of their physical defect (Lane, 1996:382). BellRead MoreLanguage Is A Building Block For Success2137 Words   |  9 PagesAssignment 1 – Reading Acquisition Language is a building block for success. It is a simple fact that the more you read, the more you expose your mind to discovery, creativity and imagination. Nelson-Royes, 2012 states that reading is well and truly at the heart of all learning and is a central tool, which connects all other learning areas of the curriculum. Becoming literate is undeniably a critical achievement in today’s society and not only focuses on a child’s ability to read and write but ratherRead MorePsychological Effects of Television on Children’s Behavior/Learning1519 Words   |  7 Pagestelevision has had surprising negative effect. Violence shown on television causes children and teenagers to develop behavioral problems and learning disabilities. Such behavioral and learning problems include; language development, school performance / learning, cognitive development and their general behavior to others (Kinnear 27). In a study on the correlation between violence and television done with 1,565 teenage boys over a six-year period in London, William Belson, a British psychologist, found thatRead More English As A Second Language Education Essay3495 Words   |  14 PagesEnglish As A Second Language Education When the English as a second language learner (ESL) or the English language learner (ELL) students have achieved English proficiency, it helps students to develop their understanding of mathematics. Students then effectively use mathematical tools, charts, patterns and other strategies, as well as their prior learning experiences to make connections to solve related problems. The majority are able to transfer their manipulative exploration to solvingRead MoreHuman Development Notebook Essay examples3460 Words   |  14 Pagesreferred to as experience-dependant. As its name implies, this action is driven by the individual experiences of the child and relates to the specific circumstances of which the brain has been exposed. An example of this would be the acquisition of a second language and the mastery of the unique pronunciation it entails (Woolfolk, 2010, p. 30). Issues and concerns When the brain fails to develop normally, a neurological disorder can present. One such disorder is autism. Autism is defined as a pervasive

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Product Adoption and Innovation Diffusion Free Essay Example, 1500 words

In the literature of buyer behavior theories, a distinction is made, at least implicitly between the buying behaviors of organizations and consumers. The distinction stems primarily from the assumption that while consumers act as willful individuals when they buy products while organizations act as a rational group and make purchases . The intentionally made subtle distinction between buying and purchasing essentially evinces at the attitude of envisioning individual consumers as idiosyncratic and organizations as a group of professional decision makers in the process of transactions. Because of such differentiation, a bifurcation has been observed in the process of buyer behavior related to theoretical development. Although beneficial for the purpose of teaching and planning, according to the author, such divergence has prevented the development of theoretical structures that act as generic to both forms of buyer behavior. Although traditionally consumers are distinguished from organizations particularly in case of buying behavior due to the implicit understanding that while the consumer as an individual decision maker tends to be whimsical and responsive to sudden bursts of irrationality, organizations do not and professional organizational behavior is bound to be rational as it is the result of joint decision making in the presence of constraints like set objectives and priorities which prevent irrational and indulgent choices, the author argues against such distinctions pointing out the individual buyer although does not have to abide by constraints faced by professional organizations, has to make choices always being constrained by being a part of another organization society. We will write a custom essay sample on Product Adoption and Innovation Diffusion or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Clothes” by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni Essay - 954 Words

The short store â€Å"Clothes† by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni is about a young Indian woman, Sumita, and her cultural transition to America that is symbolized by her clothes and the color of her clothes. The traditional Indian attire for a woman is a sari and each one has its own purpose. Her clothes also indicate her progression from daughter, to wife, to woman. The story starts off with the bride to be in a yellow sari preparing to meet her future husband by bathing in a lake. She describes the yellow sari as a sunflower after rain. Yellow here could possible signify new times to come or peace. The bath she was taking is relaxing her to the idea that she is about to marry a man she has not even met, as well as the thought of losing her†¦show more content†¦[talk about Indian tradition and beliefs about Indian women becoming Americanized] In some countries white signifies purity and cleanliness. In others it is the color of royalty or deities. Sumita’s husband owns a 7-11 store in California. He is constantly having to work the night shift to try to earn extra money so that they can move out on their own. One night he is held at gun point and shot to death. To mourn his death Sumita wears a white sari. During the mourning of his death they perform a bangle breaking ceremony. [talk about the ceremony and what It means] They break the bangles that are on Sumita’s arm and send multi-colored shards flying all over the room and on the sheet that her husband lies under. The multi-colored shards might represent the fact that right now her life has shattered like the bracelets and she is scattered in a place that she is not familier with. You can now tell that Sumita has become pretty Americanized compared to when she first arrived in the United States. For instance, she is talking about getting an education and working in a school teaching in front of a classroom of blond kids in her cream-and-brown American dress. She is beginning to make more decisions on her own and step away from her beliefs. Here the color cream and the color brown are making her feel more americanized. If you are to go back a few paragraphs when her husband first bought the skirt andShow MoreRelatedClothes, by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni Essay621 Words   |  3 PagesClothes, by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni This short story is about a young Indian woman named Sumita, her impending arranged marriage and subsequent trip to America, which is symbolized by the color and type of her clothes. The author utilizes color symbolism to express the emotional changes that Sumita is going through and how she uses colors to keep her grounded with her Indian beliefs during her transition from girl to bride-to-be to an Indian-American to widow. There are many examplesRead MoreChitra Banerjee Divakarunis Arranged Marriage Essay2112 Words   |  9 Pages Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni in the collection of her short stories titled Arranged Marriage, portrays a negative image of the Indian cultural practices while discussing marital relationships in the diasporic space. The title gives the impression that Indian marriage system is not only weird but also barbaric. She fails to understand that gender bias is not unique to India, and it is a global problem . Sarah Elizabeth Webb, a westerner, who worksRead MoreWhat Defines A Woman? Essay978 Words   |  4 PagesWhat defines a woman? A question most women might ask themselves. Is it culture, the color of their skin, their clothes, education, the way others perceive them? Those being among the few of the attributes that might define a woman according to society. Throughout history, women have struggled through gender stereotypes and other discriminations. Women struggle with identity because of those stereotypes; it can be difficult when a woman is trying to pursue a career. Additionally, women want to beRead MoreDivakaruni s Illumination : The True Importance Of Clothing1354 Words   |  6 Pagesedition of themselves, especially if there is a significant change in color scheme. In a short story titled Clothes† from her 1996 book, Arranged Marriage: Stories, Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni uses the items and colors worn by the protagonist, Mita, to not only characterize her journey, but also illuminate the work’s theme of overcoming trials and tribulations. The short-story, â€Å"Clothes, uses colors and clothing to illustrate how trials and tribulations institute growth and change by shifting fromRead MoreA Feminist Analysis of Chitra Banerjee Divakarunis Clothes1956 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿ The short story Clothes by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni deals with the story of a young Indian woman and her cultural and emotional experience as she marries and comes to America to discover a new world, different from her Indian home, with clashes of cultural identities, and one in which she eventually wants to fit in. The subject in it is not as important for the message the author wants to convey. The symbolic transition of the character, Sumita, from one culture to another, is portrayedRead MoreThe Disappearance By Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni1495 Words   |  6 PagesIn Provoked and â€Å"The Disappearance† by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni, they describe how the Indian women leave their native country and immigrate to Western countries due to the arranged marriage that they have no rights to choose. Although the Indian women try to learn and integrate into Western culture, their husbands expect them to be a traditional Indian woman who should stay home and take care of the children, certainly isolated from mainstream society. If the Indian women try to rebel or challengeRead MoreEssay on Clothes807 Words   |  4 PagesClothes Essay The short story â€Å"Clothes† is written by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni in 1995. Clothes is about a young Indian woman called Sumita, and she is having an arranged marriage. The story takes place in Calcutta, India, where Sumita lives with her family and her two friends, Deepali and Rhada, before she gets married. Her father has found a great husband from California for her, Somesh Sen. She travels to California with her new husband, and is astonished how USA is, compared to India. SomeshRead MoreRaymonds Run - Essay810 Words   |  4 Pageswhich is clearly stated as she sees her rival Gretchen as more than just an opponent in the race. At the end of the story she has become enlightened. I think the story shares some of the same subjects and part of the theme of Clothes by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni. Clothes is about a girl who is getting married to a person she does not know and thinks badly of him, until she finally meets him and then finds out that she does in fact love him. She is developing throughout the story like Hazel is andRead MoreThe Disappearance Analysis1847 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿The short story â€Å"The Disappearance† by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni basically is about an Indian man who lived in America. At first, he married an educated Indian girl. However, she, unlike her husband, did not have a traditional mindset. She eventually left him, and this was something which he could not accept. He started to recall the times when she was with him. He was in a state of denial that his wife could possibly leave him when he thought he had been good to him, and that he had done enoughRead MoreThe Impossible American Dream Essay1801 Words   |  8 PagesThe Impossible American Dream in Anzia Yezierskas â€Å"America and I,† Uncle and Jayanti from Chitra Divakarunis â€Å"Silver Pavements, Golden Roofs,† and Leon from Fae Myenne Ngs Bone. America has always been characterized

The Women s Rights Movement Essay - 1561 Words

Introduction There are numerous organizations under the auspices of the International Women’s Rights Movement. As a matter of fact, according to Nevala (2005), since 1995, the United Nations has continuously been committed towards the elimination of violence against women under the United Nations Crime Prevention and Justice Program. As it pertains to Canada, Lakeman (2006) affords that The Vancouver Rape Relief Center shelters over 100 rape domestic abuse victims each year. However, in spite of the great, motivating, and inspiring strides that have over the years been made towards the realization of gender parity and women’s empowerment (Human Rights Watch, 2006), a large number of women around the world are trafficked into sexual slavery and forced labor, married early as children, denied political participation and access to education, while other are caught up in disastrous conflicts where rape is executed as a weapon of terror. The consequences arising from the pre valence of violence against women are dire, ranging from the proliferation of the HIV/AIDS endemic, rising cases of unwanted pregnancies, trauma, and the continuous cycle of poverty. According to Watts Zimmerman (2002), violence against women is predominantly used to sustain the balance of terror, or as some prefers to call it, the unequal balance of power. An example is the conscious use of violence by male partners or spouses within the domestic realm to promote subordination in asserting their positionShow MoreRelatedThe Women s Rights Movement702 Words   |  3 Pagesthat the women’s rights movement in the United States failed to accomplish its goals in the early –mid 19th century because the slavery issue was never resolved is unfounded. In the early-mid 19th century, women began to demand change in American society, as they challenged the traditional roles of women politically, socially, and economically. - political, social, and economic change {Challenged the traditional views of women - pushed the boundaries – public sphere/life of women changed dramaticallyRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement874 Words   |  4 Pages1848 to 1920, the women’s rights movement demonstrated the first true act of feminism, founded by a group of women rights activists to combat against women’s suffrage in the United States. By the 1960’s radical feminists also known as the woman’s liberation movement once again took up the fight for equality amongst men and woman, yet by the late 1990’s early 2000’s it had begun to change, losing its primary focus of fighting for a woman’s right, and becoming a burden on women today. The blowback fromRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1659 Words   |  7 Pagesmen and women, the women’s rights movement in Pakistan has just begun. People are starting to protest against discriminations that women face in their daily lives that disable them from having a voice in society. Some of these discriminations involve men being able to divorce their wives without her consent, women’s voices having half the weight of a man’s in court, and female heirs inheriting less money or property than a male heir (â€Å"Sharia†, 9). Groups like the Pakistani Women’s Rights OrganizationRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement Essay987 Words   |  4 Pagesthat occurs is that women were never given the opportunity to voice their opinion on what kind of job that they should do. In addition, voting at this point of time for women was quite impractical. The wartime was a difficult time for women who wanted to capitalize on an opportunity. They wanted a job to prove to men that they are much stronger. However, there was hope when the U.S. woman’s rights movement began. A woman by the name of Elizabeth Cady Stanton started the movement at Seneca Falls, NewRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1366 Words   |  6 PagesW omen’s Rights Movement The equality women have today did not just happen over night.In this passage there will be evidence of an impowering fight that women over came to say WE ARE IMPORTANT TO!! All the brave strong women that fought this battle, along with the obstacles women still face today.Also the surprising fact that women’s rights also consists of racism and sexual orientation.This movement was necessary, and is truly an accomplishment in history. The first outbreak of confidentRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1091 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican history, women have constantly been suppressed. It was believed overall that women were not supposed to work, but to stay home, cook, clean, make clothes, and take care of the child(ren). Basically, a woman was considered her husband’s property. It was not until 1920s that women were finally able to get the rights they deserve, such as birth control, new divorce laws, and ultimately the right to vote, which was the main focus of the Women’s Rights Movement. This movement consisted of manyRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1547 Words   |  7 PagesFlorida SouthWestern State College The Women’s Rights Movement What was the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention on the Women’s Rights Movement? Jennifer Flores AMH2010 Mr. Stehlin 16 November 2015 The Women’s Rights Movement began in 1848 with the first assembly of women and men gathering to discuss the civil, social, and other conditions of women. The Seneca Falls Convention was the start of the women’s movement. The two women who organized this event were Lucretia Mott andRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1420 Words   |  6 Pageswomen’s rights movement in the United States in the early –mid 19th century did not fail to accomplish its goals, as slavery was not an issue women wanted to resolve (address?) In the early-mid 19th century, some women began to demand change in American society (as they challenged the traditional roles of women politically, socially, and economically?) -political, social, and economic change {challenged the traditional views of women - pushed the boundaries – public sphere/life of women changedRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement1620 Words   |  7 Pageshas improved over the last several years in the broader culture and by police, self-blame and shame has persisted among victims, leaving them just as unwilling to come forward.†(Gray. para. 10) The women’s rights movement is still going strong, and there have been major accomplishments for women within the last several decades. In 1968, the fair housing act made it no longer possible for a woman to be turned down by a landlord based solely on her being female. In 1986, the legal definition of ‘sexualRead MoreThe Women s Rights Movement881 Words   |  4 PagesThe Women’s Rights Movement, 1848–1920 1. â€Å"The first gathering devoted to women’s rights in the United States was held July 19–20, 1848, in Seneca Falls, New York.† 2. Principal organizers : Elizabeth Cady Stanton (a mother of four, the Quaker, abolitionist ) 3. Social and institutional barriers that limited women’s rights: family responsibilities, a lack of educational and economic opportunities, and the absence of a voice in political debates. 4. Stanton and Anthony created the National Woman

Business environment Free Essays

Introduction generally th it is to be understood by saying business environment is that circumstanse where business runs or do its operations generally business environment can be divided in tow sectors one of them is external environmentswhich is known as PESTEL to academics another is internal environment which is more familiar as SWOT. Business environment show two kind of environment of business. Richman Copensaysthat the most important two part of business environment is External environment and internal environment. We will write a custom essay sample on Business environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now Lanworthington and chrisbritton say two kind of environment are Macro and micro environment of business environment. Internal Environment: Business has got an internal environment that was first identified by French physiologist Claude Bernard (1813–78), Adrian palmer Bob Hartley rightly said Micro environment and Macro environment is the part of internal environment. Richman and Copen, mention that Primary Activities and Support Activities are the part of internal environment. Macro Environment It is to be understood by macro environment is the outer elements of the business such as political, economical, social and so on, for most of the cases business has no control on macro environment. Political Environment Political environment has an important impact on the business. Political environment is not stable and can change quickly. The political environment in which the firm operates (or plan to operate) will have a significant impact on a company’s international marketing activities. The greater the level of involvement in a foreign markets, the greater the need to monitor the political climate of the countries business is conducted. Changes in government often result in changes in policy and attitudes towards foreign business. Adrian palmer Bob Hartley explain Political environment include PEST Political System: The basic role of a political system is to integrate the parts of a society into a viable functioning unit, bringing together people of different ethnic or other backgrounds and allow them to work together to govern themselves. Political systems are founded upon political policies, which are established by combining different points of view that are articulated by key constituencies, such as politicians, businesses, or other special-interest groups.1.Totalitarian state, 2.Democratic State Economic forecast: Business is a micro economic unit. The only function of economic forecasting is to make astrology look respectable. John Kenneth Galbraith US (Canadian-born) administrator economist (1908 – 2006) Social forecast: The term Social Forecasting is not a recent addition to business vocabulary. The use of social forecasting stems from recognition that social pressures are becoming an increasing determinant for the success of any organization. The various indicators indicate that the society will be experiencing a total change in next few years. Some of these changes have to be anticipated and must be incorporated in any long-range plans of an organization. Economic forecasting is essentially concerned with modelling how people behave using financial criteria as a means for maximising welfare. It is dependent on certain assumption of people behaviour. Elements for social forecast is1.Identification of important phenomenon, 2.Selection of phenomena for deeper study, 3.A system of measurement, 4.A time-scale Technology: Information technology refers to the management and use of information using computer-based tools. It includes acquiring, processing, storing, and distributing information. Most commonly it is a term used to refer to business applications of computer technology, rather than scientific applications. The term is used broadly in business to refer to anything that ties into the use of computers. The Socio-Cultural Environment This is perhaps the most difficult element of the macro-environment to evaluate, manifesting itself in changing tastes, purchasing behavior and changing priorities. The type of goods and services demanded by consumers is a function of their social conditioning and their consequent attitudes and beliefs. Core cultural values are those firmly established within a society and are therefore difficult to change. They are perpetuated through family, the church, education and the institutions of society and act as relatively fixed parameters within which marketing firms are forced to operate. Secondary cultural values, however, tend to be less strong and therefore more likely to undergo change. Generally, social change is preceded by changes over time in a society’s secondary cultural values, for example the change in social attitude towards credit. As recently as the 1960s, personal credit, or hire purchase as is sometimes known, was generally frowned upon and people having such arrangements tended not to discuss it in public. Today, offering instant credit has become an integral part of marketing, with many of us regularly using credit cards and store accounts. Indeed, for many people it is often the availability and terms of credit offered that are major factors in deciding to pu rchase a particular product. The Technological Environment One example of how technological change has affected marketing activities is in the development of electronic point of sale (EPOS) data capture at the retail level. The ‘laser checkout’ reads a bar code on the product being purchased and stores information that is used to analyze sales and re-order stock, as well as giving customers a printed readout of what they have purchased and the price charged. Manufacturers of fast-moving consumer goods, particularly packaged grocery products, have been forced to respond to these technological innovations by incorporating bar codes on their product labels or packaging. In this way, a change in the technological environment has affected the products and services that firms produce and the way in which firms carry out their business operations. So technology, has an great impact business its potential for the business to updated with the technology all the tme Micro Environment Customers Organizations survive on the basis of meeting the needs, wants and providing benefits for their customers. Failure to do so will result in a failed business strategy. Employees The main element of micro environment is employees because it the force which move other resources of the organization, they have the controlling power of mobility. Suppliers su Figure 1Micro Environmental Factor/Stakeholder Analysis Supplier got the bargain power , that is why they are potential to the business. The have the power of controlling demands. Good relationship with supplier may facilitate business development. Shareholders Share holders for the public limited company and private limited company`s are important, because by law they are the partial owner of the organization, as result the got the voting power to select the governing comity those who run the business on their behalf. Media Positive or adverse media attention on an organizations product or service can in some cases make or break an organization. Consumer programmers with a wider and more direct audience can also have a very powerful and positive impact, forcing organizations to change their tactics. Competitors Business rivals are need to be consider in business environment, because their strategic plan promotion and policy affects the organization. External Environment A business does not function in a vacuum. It has to act and react to what happens outside the factory and office walls. These factors that happen outside the business are known as external factors or influences. These will affect the main internal functions of the business and possibly the objectives of the business and its strategies. Main Factors The main factor that affects most business is the degree of competition – how fiercely other businesses compete with the products that another business makes. The other factors that can affect the business are: Social – ultimate’s buyer, households and communities behave and their beliefs. For instance, changes in attitude towards health, or a greater number of pensioners in a population. Legal –new legislation in society affects the business. E.g. changes in employment laws on working hours. Economic –economy affects a business in terms of taxation, government spending, general demand, interest rates, exchange rates and European and global economic factors. Political – changes in government policy might affect the business e.g. a decision to subsidies building new houses in an area could be good for a local brick works. Technological – rapid pace of change in production processes and product innovation affect a business. Ethical – what is regarded as morally right or wrong for a business to doFor instance should it trade with countries which have a poor record on human rights? Changing External Environment Markets are changing all the time. It does depend on the type of product the business produces, however a business needs to react or lose customers. Some of the main reasons why markets change rapidly: Customers develop new needs and wants. New competitors enter a market. New technologies mean that new products can be made. A world or countrywide event happen e.g. Gulf War or foot and mouth disease. Government introduces new legislation e.g. increases minimum wage. Business and Competition Though a business does not want competition from other businesses, inevitably most will face a degree of competition. The amount and type of competition depends on the market the business operates in: Many small rival businesses – e.g. a shopping mall or city centre arcade – close rivalry. A few large rival firms – e.g. washing powder or Coke and Pepsi. A rapidly changing market – e.g. where the technology is being developed very quickly the mobile phone market. A business could react to an increase in competition (e.g. a launch of rival product) in the following ways: Cut prices (but can reduce profits) Improve quality (but increases costs) Spend more on promotion (e.g. do more advertising, increase brand loyalty; but costs money) Cut costs, e.g. use cheaper materials, make some workers redundan Social Environment and Responsibility Social change is when the people in the community adjust their attitudes to way they live. Businesses will need to adjust their products to meet these changes, e.g. taking sugar out of children’s drinks, because parents feel their children are having too much sugar in their diets. The business also needs to be aware of their social responsibilities. These are the way they act towards the different parts of society that they come into contact with. Legislation covers a number of the areas of responsibility that a business has with its customers, employees and other businesses. It is also important to consider the effects a business can have on the local community. These are known as the social benefits and social costs. Conclusion The topic was about Business Environment. Topic gives a brief of Internal and external environment and some critical analysis of them. Differentissue stand base of topics. How business environment runwhat r the process What based on business environment? These were the assignment was about. Bibliography Drucker, Peter. Managing the nonprofit organization, New York: Harper Collins, 1990. Frumkin, Peter. â€Å"Philanthropic leverage.† Society, Volume 37, p40, Transaction Publishers, September 2000. The business and marketing environment / Adrian Palmer and Bob Hartley London; New York: McGraw-Hill, c1996. Xiii, 340 p.: ill. ; 25 cm. Bib ID- 2721834. http://www.articlesnatch.com Boone, L., Kurtz, D. 1992. Contemporary Marketing. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press. â€Å"Developing Your Strategic SWOT Analysis.† Austrainer. 1999. http://www.austrainer.com/archives/1397.htm. (5 Dec. 1999). Ferrell, O., Hartline, M., Lucas, G., Luck, D. 1998. Marketing Strategy. Orlando, FL: Dryden Press. â€Å"SWOT Analysis- Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats.† PMI- Plus, Minus, Interesting. 1999. http://www.mindtools.com/swot.html. (5 Dec. 1999). â€Å"Swoting† Your Way to Success.† BHC. 1999. http://www.bradhuckelco.com.au/swot.htm. (5 Dec. 1999). How to cite Business environment, Essay examples Business Environment Free Essays |Edexcel BTEC HNC/HND Business Management | |Unit Title: |Unit 1 |Date Issued | |Business Environment | |Week beginning 11/02/13 | |Student Name |Student ID |Due Date – 03/06/13 | |Lecturers Name: Ibrahim kevin, Sujata, |Internal Verifier Name | |Issac |Mr. M. Azam | Rules and regulations: |Plagiarism is presenting somebody else’s work as your own. We will write a custom essay sample on Business Environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now It includes: copying information directly from the Web or books without | |referencing the material; submitting joint coursework as an individual effort; copying another student’s coursework; stealing coursework from| |another student and submitting it as your own work. Suspected plagiarism will be investigated and if found to have occurred will be dealt | |with according to the procedures set down by the College. Please see your student handbook for further details of what is / isn’t plagiarism. | Coursework Regulations 1. Submission of coursework must be undertaken according to the relevant procedure – whether online or paper-based. Lecturers will give information as to which procedure must be followed, and details of submission procedures and penalty fees can be obtained from Academic Administration or the general student handbook. 2. All coursework must be submitted to the e-learning system –stponline. co. uk. Under no circumstances can other College staff accept them. Please check the Academic Admin Office opening hours. 3. Late coursework will be accepted by Academic Admin Office and marked according to the guidelines given in your Student Handbook for this year. 4. If you need an extension (even for one day) for a valid reason, you must request one. Collect a coursework extension request form from the Academic Admin Office. Then take the form to your lecturer, along with evidence to back up your request. The completed form must be accompanied by evidence such as a medical certificate in the event of you being sick. The completed form must then be returned to Academic Admin for processing. This is the only way to get an extension. 5. General guidelines for submission of coursework: a) All work must be word-processed and must be of â€Å"good† standard. b) Document margins shall not be more than 2. 5cm or less than 1. 5cm c) Font size in the range of 11 to 14 points distributed to including headings and body text. Preferred typeface to be of a common standard such as Arial or Times New Roman for the main text. ) Any computer files generated such as program code (software), graphic files that form part of the course work must be submitted either online with the documentation or on a CD for paper submissions. e) The copy of the course work submitted may not be returned to you after marking and you are advised to have your personal copy for your reference. f) All work completed, including any software constructed may not be used for any purpose other than the purpose of intended study without prior written permission from St Patrick’s International College. LEARNING OUTCOMES AND ASSESSMENT CRITERIA Outcomes |Assessment requirements | |LO1 Understand the |1. 1 identify the purposes of different types of organisation | |organisational purposes of |1. 2 describe the extent to which an organisation meets the objectives of different stakeholders | |businesses |1. 3 explain the responsibilities of an organisation and strategies employed to meet them | |LO2 Understand the nature of the |2. explain how economic systems attempt to allocate resources effectively | |national environment in |2. 2 assess the impact of fiscal and monetary policy on business organisations and their activities | |which businesses operate |2. 3 evaluate the impact of competition policy and other regulatory mechanisms on the activities of a selected| | |organisation | |LO3 Understand the behaviour of |3. explain how market structures determine the pricing and output decisions of businesses | |orga nisations in their market |3. 2 illustrate the way in which market forces shape organisational responses using a range of examples | |environment |3. 3 judge how the business and cultural environments shape the behaviour of a selected organisation | |LO4 Be able to assess the |4. 1 discuss the significance of international trade to UK business organisations | |significance of the global factors that shape |4. analyse the impact of global factors on UK business organisations | |national business activities |4. 3 evaluate the impact of policies of the European Union on UK business organisations. | Summary of assessment Plan |The Learning Outcomes (LO) are covered in one assignment/coursework divided into four closely linked scenarios reflecting the relevant Assessment | |Criteria (A. C). See Evaluation Sheet below for LO and A. C | |LO |A. C |Assessment |Issue date | Formative Due date | | | |Methods | | | | LO1 |1. 1,1. 2 1. 3 |Individual report | Teaching Week 2 | Teaching week 4 | |LO2 |2. 1,2. 2, 2. 3 |Individual report |Teaching Week 2 |Teaching week 7 | |LO3 |3. ,3. 2, 3. 3 |Individual report |Teaching Week 2 |Teaching week 10 | |LO4 |4. 1,4. 2 4. 3 |Individual report |Teaching Week 2 |Teaching week 14 | |Final Submission |Week Beginning 03/06/13 | GRADE DESCRIPTORS |Merit descriptors |Indicative characteristics |Contextualised Indicative |Check (/? | | |characteristics | | |M1 | | | | | | |Identify and apply |effective judgments have been made | | | | |strategies to find |complex problems with more than one variable have been explored | | | | |appropriate |an effective approach to study and research has been applied | | | | |solutions | | | | |M2 |Select/design and |relevant theories and techniques have been applied | | | | |apply appropriate |a range of methods and techniques have been applied | | | | |meth ods/ techniques |a range of sources of information has been used | | | | | |the selection of methods and techniques/sources has been justified | | | | | |the design of methods/techniques has been justified | | | | | |complex information/data has been synthesised and processed | | | | | |appropriate learning methods/techniques have been applied | | |M3 |Present and |the appropriate structure and approach has been used | | | | |communicate |coherent, logical development of principles/concepts for the intended | | | | |appropriate findings|audience | | | | | |a range of methods of presentation have been used and technical | | | | | |language has been accurately used | | | | | |communication has taken place in familiar and unfamiliar contexts | | | | | |the communication is appropriate for familiar and unfamiliar audiences | | | | | |and appropriate media have been used | | | Distinction Descriptors |Indicative characteristics |Contextualised Indicative |( | | | |characteristics | | |D 1 |Use critical reflection |conclusions have been arrived at through synthesis of ideas and have | | | | |to evaluate own work and|been justified | | | | |justify valid |the validity of results has been evaluated using defined criteria | | | | |conclusions |self-criticism of approach has taken place | | | | | |realistic improvements have been proposed against defined | | | | | |characteristics for success | | |D2 |Take responsibility for |autonomy/independence has been demonstrated | | | | |managing and organising |substantial activities, projects or investigations have been planned, | | | | |activities |managed and organised | | | | | |activities have been managed | | | | | |the unforeseen has been accommodated | | | | | |the importance of interdependence has been recognised and achieved | | | |D3 |Demonstrate convergent/ |ideas have been generated and decisions taken | | | | |lateral/creative |self-evaluation has taken place | | | | |thinking |convergent and lateral thinking have been applied | | | | | |problems have been solved | | | | | |innovation and creative thought have been applied | | | | | |receptiveness to new ideas is evident | | | | | |effective thinking has taken place in unfamiliar contexts | | | Assignment Brief Questions Instructions: Answer all the tasks of the each Learning Outcome Scenario: Select an organisation operating in the UK that you have access to and from which you can obtain information, and carry out the following tasks by thoroughly analysing the Business Environment in which the company operates. LO1: Understand the organisational purposes of businesses. . 1a: Provide a brief background of that organisation. This should include a description of its mission, vision, short- and long-term objectives, type of sector it belongs (private or public sector). Discuss how this organisation has been impacted by changes in its industry. In this part, focus on the constraints within which the organisation has to operate in its sector. Pr ovide evidence and reference the sources. 1. 1b: Compare the purpose of your chosen organisation to another that operates in a different sector 1. 2: Identify the key stakeholders of your chosen organisation? Identify their interests in and influence on the organisation. How do they impact the organisation? Using the Stakeholder Analysis matrix, plot where, in your opinion, each stakeholder might stand based on your research and analysis. Make sure your analysis is based on evidence and research and do NOT guess or make wild assumptions. 1. 3: Explain the organisation’s responsibilities to its stakeholders and identify the strategies its adopts to meeting their needs and expectations LO2: Understand the nature of the national environment in which businesses operate. 2. 1: What specific benefits and constraints that your organisation might face operating in a different economic system (i. e. in free and command economic systems)? Look at specific political, economic and social aspects such as government interference, population, labour force, market growth, exchange rates, trading partners, consumer tastes and preferences the organisation etc. 2. 2: Using the concept of Aggregate Money Demand (AMD = C+I+G+X-M) or otherwise, explain with reasons, what might happen to business activity in general and to your organisation specifically, if the following happened: i. A general fall in the level of income tax? ii. A rise in the value of the pound? iii. A fall in interest rates? iv. A large increase in unemployment? v. A large increase in the level of Government expenditure? 2. 3: Discuss how government-related regulations including competition policy impacting you organisation. LO3: Understand the behaviour of organisations in their market environment. 3. : Explain how the various market structures determine the price and outputs decisions of businesses in the market environment of your organisation. Explain with r easons what market structure that your organisation might be classified. 3. 2: Illustrate, with examples, how the market forces of demand and supply influence business decisions and activities of your organisation regarding the products offered and their prices 3. 3: Briefly describe how the social, cultural and competitive environment has affected your organisation as a whole. LO4: Be able to assess the significance of the global factors that shape national business activities. 4. 1 4. 2: Discuss future market opportunities and threats facing your chosen organisation. Consider in what ways the role of World Trade Organisation (WTO), emerging markets (BRIC countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China) and protectionist tendencies of national governments may impact your organisation in the next 10 years or so. 4. 3: Analyse the benefits and constraints of policies of the European Union on your organisation Preparing your assignment Your assignment must strike a balance between theory and practice. Your work must avoid bland description of what is already stated in the case study; description should be limited to what is absolutely necessary to emphasise a point of view or make your analysis clear. Similarly, you should not simply describe theories in your assignment with no practical application of them. You should show due diligence in writing your assignment to ensure that it reflects the highest standard of presentation. Other key considerations †¢ Your assignment must include a cover page with title, student name and number, student contact details (email mobile phone number), date, word count, and contents page with page numbers. †¢ The Introduction in your assignment should cover the background, the issues and the aim of the investigation. †¢ Your assignment must use good quality sources (academic material or credible news sources, up to date and relevant to the topic) and correctly referenced using the Harvard system. General guidelines †¢ The assignment must be neatly typed using Font Size-12, Ariel or Times New Roman. Your assignment must word processed on A4 paper, single sided and double line spaced. †¢ Both right hand and left hand margin must be suitably spaced. †¢ Your written work can be above or below the 10% range of the word limit whic h is 3,000 words. If your work exceeds the recommended maximum guidelines, then your work will be penalised. †¢ An electronic copy of the assignment must be submitted on Moodle by the due date. †¢ Plagiarism, spelling and grammatical errors are unacceptable. Marking criteria The assignment will be assessed for its overall quality, with the emphasis being upon how components fit together and the suitability of the work for Undergraduate level of research. The quality of the work will be assessed using the following marking criteria. |Distinction |Excellent in every way. Knowledgeable, incisively analytical, conceptually sound, widely-researched and | | |well-structured. Displays a critical and sophisticated understanding of ideas, debates, methodologies and | | |principles. Comprehensively cited and referenced. A degree of flair apparent in the work. | |Merit |Very good, well-researched, solid. Addresses question. Sensibly structured and well presented. Evidence of analysis,| | |reasoning and evaluation. May have some errors in emphasis but not in fact, and may be limited in terms of | | |supporting material and breadth of coverage. Appropriately cited and referenced. | |Pass |Pass. Descriptive narrative. May be partly irrelevant. Indiscriminate. Lacks structure. Could be more direct and | | |explicit. Little independent research evident. Short bibliography. In some areas, there is evidence of confusion and| | |irrelevance of information. Written content heavily based on lecture notes, but a minimum of understanding to | | |justify a pass. | ———————– Assignment Brief – General ———————– Business Environment – Assignment How to cite Business Environment, Essay examples Business environment Free Essays Any investor strongly aspires to build a great and a profound company, and the success of any given business critically depends on the individuals involved. This infers that, the business activity involved has to be handled by individuals who are involved and committed to the growth and the growth of the given activity. These individuals may entail such duties as; satisfying clients, assisting partners, and promoting the communities in which they carry out their trade. We will write a custom essay sample on Business environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now Hence, these individuals or groups must be held responsible for attaining big, daring goals with resolute integrity. Therefore, for a business activity to progress, individuals who are leaders, who understand that to be strictly great, one must persistently endeavor to do better individually while helping others progress. However, a major disparity which relates to this whole concept of business environment pertains to negligence. More than often most investors have cited negligence as one factor greatly affects any business progression and equally resulting into massive losses or legal tussles (Munguti, 2007). Typically, negligence can be either   from the employer or from the employee, generally as legal issue, negligence greatly affects the business activity as well as damaging the image of the given business. This is due to the fact that, the injured parties are more than often forced to seek damages which are often hefty payments or the imprisonment of the involved individual. It should be noted that, negligence can be said to be a legal circumstance in which the employer ignores or fails to provide suitable work atmosphere that is risk free and is supportive of workers rights. Examining such definition, it is quite apparent that, there are a number of critical situations that can be considered as employer negligence. For instance, an employer may be viewed as negligent for failing to offer suitable training to his workers or where he is considered not to uphold safety and health standards. Equally, another important aspect is, in any given business activity the employer may also be blamed of employer negligence if he employs a worker with violent attitudes. From a business aspect, the employer have an ethical responsibility to ascertain that the business environment is secure for both the workers as well as the clients, also the employer is legally obliged do so . Typically, many nations have passed and implemented policies that are designed to compel employers to meet certain legal provisions in order to protect the workers. Hence, on the other hand, several jurisdictions have legal structures for protecting workers rights. Therefore, if in a given business activity the employer fails to operate within the defined legal boundaries, he or she becomes vulnerable to being sued for being negligence. 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Into the Wild Quotes free essay sample

Driving west out of Atlandta, he intended to invent an utterly new life for himself one in which he would be free To the desert go prophets and hermits through deserts go pilgrims and exiles. Here the leaders of the great religions have sought the therapeutic and spiritual values of retreat, not to escape but to find reality. But apart from sending greetings the main purpose of this card is to thank you again for all your hospitality. Its rare to find a man as generous and good natured as you are. Alex finds mexican to be warm, friendly people. Much more hospitable than americans On february 3rd according to his journal, Mccandless went to los angeles â€Å"to get a ID and a job I dont think he ever hung out with any of the employees after work or anything. When he talked he was always going on about trees and nature and weird stuff like that. We will write a custom essay sample on Into the Wild Quotes or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page We al thought he was missing a few screws. Heading north he was relieved that he had again evaded the impending threat of human intimacy of friendship and all the messy emotional baggage that comes with it. Ron I really enjoy all the help you have given me and the times that we spent together. It is true that many creative people fail to make mature personal relationships, and some are extremely isolated. It is true that, in some instances, trauma in the shape of early separation or bereavement has steered the potentially creative person toward developing aspects of his personality which can find fulfilment in comparative isolation. After Chris gave everything the slip in 1990, something changed in Walk. His sons disappearance scared and chastened him. A softer more tolerant side of his personality came to the fore. Chris was placed in an accelerated program for gifted students. The next day carine and sam flew to Fairbanks to bring home chriss remains. At the coroners office they were iven the handful of possessions recovered with the body. Chriss rifle, a pair of binoculars, the fishing rod Ronald franz had given him, One of the swiss army knives jan burren had given him He was right in saying that the only certain happiness in life is to live for others. I have lived through much and now I think I have found what is needed for happiness. A quiet secluded life in the country, with the possibility of being useful to people to whom it is easy to do good, and who are not accustomed to have it done to them, then work which one hopes may be of some use. Then rest, nature, books, music, love for ones neighbor, such is my idea of happiness. And then, on top of all that you for a mate, and children, perhaps what more can a mans heart desire Im happy as hell that im not here alone An unshared happiness is not happiness. Happiness only real when shared NOTED he intended to stop running so hard from intimacy, and become a member of the human community. But we will never know.